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DIY Vertical Garden: How to Create Your Own Living Wall

March 29, 2023

painting of crop field

A living wall, or vertical garden, is a sustainable way to utilize limited outdoor or indoor space. It's a popular trend in urban areas, where people don't have access to a lot of green space. A living wall not only looks visually appealing, but also helps to improve air quality and reduce noise pollution. In this article, we will guide you through the steps to create your own DIY vertical garden.

Step 1: Choose the Perfect Location

The location you choose for your vertical garden is very important. The plants you choose to grow should be able to thrive in the location's light and temperature conditions. A location with good natural light is ideal. If you plan on growing the garden indoors, you may need to invest in grow lights. Other factors to consider are proximity to water source and accessibility for maintenance.

Step 2: Choose the Plants

When selecting the plants, you must consider the amount of natural light and water availability. Choose plants that are adaptable to the conditions in your location. Choose the species that can grow in small containers easily. Succulents, herbs, and ferns are excellent choices for vertical gardens. Ensure that the size of the plant should coincide with the size of the wall.

Step 3: Choose the Design and Containers

The containers you choose must be able to hold plants and soil. There are lots of different types of container options for vertical gardens, including fabric pockets, plastic containers, and clay pots. Make sure that the container design compliments your wall design. You can use a lightweight frame or a metal mesh for your vertical garden to display your plants.

Step 4: Prepare the Soil

The soil is the foundation of your vertical garden. Choose a high-quality soil with adequate drainage that contains humus, perlite, and vermiculite. A well-draining soil will prevent water from accumulating at the bottom of the container and causing root rot. Similarly, the soil must be able to hold moisture and provide nutrients to the plants.

Step 5: Planting

Plant the plants in the containers and place them in the frame or metal mesh. It's essential to plant the largest plants first and then add smaller ones around them. Fill the containers with soil and till the soil a bit before planting. Remember the type and size of the plant also needs to be considered before planting.

Step 6: Maintenance

Maintenance is essential to keep your vertical garden lush and healthy. Remember vertical gardens need more care than regular gardens. Water your plants regularly, prune them, and provide plants with fertilizers when required. Also, keep an eye on the plants and check for pests, which can damage the plants.

green leaf plant

FAQ Section

Q. Will a vertical garden require a lot of maintenance?

A. Yes, a vertical garden will require more maintenance than a regular garden as plants are in a compact space and are in a vertical orientation. Plants need more attention for the irrigation, fertilization, and pest control to prevent the attack or decay of plant parts.

Q. Can I install a vertical garden indoors?

A. Yes, you can install a vertical garden indoors as long as there is a source of natural or grow light available, adequate drainage and space for the plants to grow. You can use a variety of plants that suit in the indoors environmental conditions.

Q. How many plants can I grow in a vertical garden?

A. The number of plants you can grow depends on the size of the containers and wall space available. It's important to not overcrowd the containers as this can affect the growth of the plants negatively.

Q. Can I use recycled materials for my container design?

A. Yes, you can use recycled materials like old bottles, pallets, and wood boxes as your container design. Just make sure the materials are safe for the plants and make appropriate arrangements to hold the soil and plant.

Q. How do I water my vertical garden?

A. The most effective way to water a vertical garden is to start from the top and move downwards. This way, water will trickle down and soak the roots of each plant, rather than water from a watering can. You can use a hose, watering wand or other irrigation tools exclusively for watering the garden.


I enjoy designing and curating experiences both virtually and in 3-dimensional reality.
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