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Home Energy Audit Tips: Why They Matter and How to Conduct One

April 1, 2023

Reducing energy consumption and saving money on utility bills are common goals for most homeowners. However, it can be challenging to determine what changes to make to achieve those goals. Conducting a home energy audit is an effective way to identify areas in your home where you can save energy and money.

Why Conduct a Home Energy Audit

A home energy audit is a comprehensive assessment of a home's energy use. The audit helps identify areas where energy is being wasted, whether through air leaks, inefficient appliances, or outdated insulation. It can help homeowners prioritize improvements and create an action plan to save energy and money.

How to Conduct a Home Energy Audit

Here are some steps to conduct a home energy audit:

Step 1: Gather Information

Start by gathering information about your home's energy use. Review utility bills from the past year to see how much energy you use and when you use it. This information can help you identify patterns and target areas for improvement.

Step 2: Inspect Windows and Doors

Check for air leaks around windows and doors. Use a lit incense stick to detect drafts. If the smoke moves horizontally, it indicates air is moving. Check the weatherstripping and caulking. Replace or repair as needed.

Step 3: Examine Heating and Cooling Systems

Check the filters on your heating and cooling systems. Replace them if dirty. Examine the ducts for leaks. Seal any leaks with duct tape. Schedule maintenance with a professional to check for larger issues or concerns.

Step 4: Evaluate Appliances and Lighting

Replace incandescent light bulbs with LED bulbs. Look for the ENERGY STAR label when purchasing new appliances, which guarantee energy efficiency. Set electronics to sleep mode, which reduces energy consumption when not in use. Use power strips to turn off electronics when not in use altogether.


What is an ideal temperature range to maintain in a home?

An ideal temperature range for a home during the winter months is 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit, with the thermostat set to 65-67 degrees Fahrenheit at night.

How often should I replace air filters?

Air filters should be replaced every one to three months, depending on the type of filter and the number of pets residing in the home.

What are some common air leak sources in a home?

Common sources of air leaks include windows, doors, electric outlets, and light fixtures.

What does the ENERGY STAR label mean?

The ENERGY STAR label is a designation given to products that meet strict energy efficiency guidelines set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. These products use less energy without sacrificing performance or features.

Is it worth spending money to improve home energy efficiency?

Yes, it is worth spending money to improve home energy efficiency. Energy-efficient upgrades can lead to lower utility bills and a more comfortable living environment. Over time, these upgrades can pay for themselves through energy savings.


A home energy audit is a valuable tool to help homeowners save money and energy. Following these tips and conducting a thorough audit can identify areas of inefficiency and prioritize areas to improve energy efficiency.


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