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Engineered Wood Vs Particle Board

May 9, 2023


When it comes to furniture or woodwork, one of the first things that come to mind is the material used. While solid wood is the most traditional option, engineered wood and particle board have become increasingly popular in recent times. These two materials are often compared, and there is a growing debate over which is the better option. In this article, we will take a look at both types of wood and compare them based on various aspects, including their durability, cost, and environmental impact.

What is Engineered Wood?

Engineered wood is made by bonding together multiple layers of wood veneers, hardwood fibers, or particles. The result is a composite material that has better strength and durability than solid wood. There are various types of engineered wood, such as plywood, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), and oriented strand board (OSB). Each type of engineered wood has its own specific properties, which make it suitable for different applications.

What is Particle Board?

Particle board, also known as chipboard, is made by compressing wood particles, sawdust, and glue together to make a dense board. The particles used in particle board are much smaller than those used in MDF. Particle boards are generally used for low-cost furniture or as a substrate for laminates and veneers.

Strength and Durability

When it comes to strength and durability, engineered wood has the upper hand over particle board. Engineered wood, being made of multiple layers, is stronger and more resistant to warping and cracking. On the other hand, particle board is prone to chipping and breaking, especially at the edges. Particle board is also not as strong as engineered wood and cannot withstand significant weight or pressure.


When it comes to cost, particle board is the cheaper option. It is made from low-quality wood particles and is produced in large quantities, which makes it more affordable. Engineered wood, on the other hand, is made from high-quality materials and is more expensive.

However, when you factor in durability and maintenance costs, engineered wood may be the better long-term investment. It is less likely to require repairs or replacements, which can save you money in the long run.

Environmental Impact

When it comes to environmental impact, both materials have their pros and cons. Particle board is made from wood particles, which are byproducts of sawmills and wood processing. This means that particle board is a more sustainable option because it helps utilize wood waste that would otherwise end up in landfills. However, particle board is also made using synthetic resins, which can emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during production and use.

Engineered wood, on the other hand, can be made from both sustainable or unsustainable sources. Some engineered woods, such as MDF, are made from recycled wood fibers, making them more sustainable. However, the adhesives used to bond the layers of engineered wood can also contain formaldehyde, a chemical known to cause health problems. So, while engineered wood is a good option for recycling wood, it may not be the best option if you are concerned about indoor air quality.


When it comes to deciding between engineered wood and particle board, the choice ultimately depends on your specific needs and budget. Particle board is a more affordable option, but it is less durable and not as environmentally friendly. On the other hand, engineered wood is more durable and has a better aesthetic appeal. However, it is more expensive and may not be the best option for those looking for sustainable materials.

Regardless of which material you choose, it is important to research and purchase from reputable manufacturers who produce high-quality products that are safe for indoor environments.


I enjoy designing and curating experiences both virtually and in 3-dimensional reality.
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